Turkey’s average annual fresh and processed apple consumption is about 2.2 million tons. The annual consumption is around 27 kilograms per person. We export about 16 percent of our production. This comes to 470 thousand tons per year. In recent years, cultivation of preferred varieties in the foreign markets increased the exports of apple.
Turkey, in 2011 36.6 million, in 2012 28.5 million, in 2013 48.9 million, in 2014 41,3 million and in 2015 34.6 million dollars made from exports. The most important countries that we export apple are Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Russia, Cyprus, Turkey, Qatar, Jordan, Bulgaria and Romania.
Isparta is the most popular city in apple production in Turkey. Due to the ecological conditions of the region apple cultivation has reached a certain level. Especially the towns Eğirdir, Gelendost, Senirkent, Yalvaç and Gönen are popular with high quality apple production in Isparta. As well as consumed as fruit, there are ranged apple products such as juice, marmalade, vinegar, tea, pulp, and dried apple. Apart from apple itself these do not make great contribution to the national economy.
Our neighbor Russia imports 1.2 million tons of apples each year from Polland, Moldova, Serbia and Chine. Instead of these countries Turkey should be able to export apple to our neighbours. In order to that Turkey should improve or adapt modern farming systems and agricultural techniques so as to reduce costs as these countries. This is going to increase exports.
The way of apple storage is very important too. It should be kept in modern warehouses without corrupting the quality of the apples make it possible to keep for a long time. In order to do this dynamic controlled atmosphere stores are required.
Those are the kinds and percentages of Apple produced in Isparta:
- %40 Starkrimson Delicious
- %30 Golden Delicious
- %3 Granny Smith
- % 27 Others (Red Chief, Scarlet Spur, Gala Grubu, Fuji, Pink Lady)
There are about 105 cold storages in Isparta with the capacity of 419.826 tons. The majority of production is stored in these storages.
Isparta’s average yield is 198 kg. The highest yield is 300 kg per tree, while the lowest 70 kg.
During the flowering time, diseases like black spot bruising and rust, excessive rains and adverse weather conditions have negative effects on apple production.
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