Laodikeia is a Phrygian ancient city located 6 km north of modern Denizli Province in Turkey. Laodikeia was one of the biggest metropolises of Ancient Anatolia. It had the biggest stadium in ancient Anatolia and it is the only ancient city with two theatres. The city was also a healing center in Ancient time.
Laodikeia is one of the important ancient cities in Phrigian Region as well as Hierapolis (Pamukkale) and Tripolis. Laodikia was established around the middle of the 3th century BC in the Hellenistic Period by the commander Seleucus Antiochus II and the city named after his wife Laodike.
Hellenistic Laodikeia was designed in the Hippodamian grid plan where the streets cross at right angles or run parallel to each other. Because of its location on the crossroads of major trade roads the most important income is commerce
The finds show that it has been continuously inhabited from the Chalcolithic Period (Copper Age 5500 BC) to 7th century AD. The golden age of the city was from 1st century to 5th century AD. Most of the structures were built and the city developed during this period
The sophist Polemon (88-144 CE) who is one of the famous rhetoricians of ancient time was a native to Laodikeia. Laodikeia was one of the Seven Churches mentioned in the Book of Revelation and later it became a metropolitan city in the Early Byzantine time. Christianity started to influence the area beginning in the second half of first century AD.
Throughout its history, Laodikeia suffered from serious earthquakes and was rebuilt over and over again. It was finally abandoned after a devastating earthquake and its people moved to City of Denizli which is 6 km to the north.
Laodikeia’s excavations and restorations have been conducted since 2003 under the control of Ministry of Culture and Tourism and Pamukkale University. The excavation and restorations still are going on in Laodikeia
Remains of the City as follows:
Colonaded Streets (Syria, Ephesus, Stadium Streets).
The largest ancient stadium of Anatolia (measuring 285 x 70m)
Two theatres of Laodikeia (Western and Northern Theatres)
Four bath complexes (East, Central, West and East Roman baths)
Five agoras (East, Central, West, South and North Agoras)
Five fountains (nymphaea; East Byzantine, Caracalla, Septimus Severus, B and West Fountains)
Two monumental portals (Ephesus and Syria Gates)
A council house (bouleuterion)
Houses with a peristyle design (House A Complexes, Peristyle House with Church)
Temples (Temple A), churches (East, North, West, Central, Southwest Churches and Laodikeia Church)
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